Buona sera. Although I have written about this before, I thought it needed to be revisited. Briefly.
"How are people confused about lies, Cowboy Bob?"
- Mistakes. Maybe it was simple carelessness, maybe it was irresponsibly repeating erroneous information. But mistakes happen. I've made them, and admitted it both times. By the way, it bothers me when I'm talking to someone who makes a statement and then corrects it with the comment, "Oh, I lied. I said 1939 and I meant 1945". No, Snookums, you did not lie, it was a simple mistake, capice?
- Disagreements. Just because you disagree with something the other person says does not mean that he or she is lying.
- Disbelief. Guess what, Gertrude? Just because you do not believe what the other person is saying does not automatically make it a lie.
- Ignorance. This is close to the above concern: Just because you do not know about something the other person is presenting does not automatically make it a lie.
- Antipathy. Would you believe that I learned that word from a song by Blue Oyster Cult? "...pure nectar of antipathy..." Anyway, just because you don't like it doesn't make something untrue.
- Source. Another one that is close to the previous concern: Just because you hate the person or what he or she stands for does not make what they say untrue.
- Humor. Yes, humor can be used very effectively to convey truth as well as falsehood. But making a joke in and of itself is generally not a lie. Exaggeration, sarcasm, hyperbole and the like also qualify as not being lies themselves per se.